17 May 2018
The mainstream media news in recent days has carried reports of an exchange of rockets between forces based in Syria and what has been generally characterized as an Israeli “response.” The Israelis claim that Iranian forces fire the rockets aimed at the Golan Heights. There are conflicting accounts as to whether or not the Iranian’s are responsible or whether the rockets were in fact fired by Syrian forces.
The claim and counterclaim have obscured more significant points that absolutely not mentioned by the mainstream media. The first of these is that the latest round of attacks by the Israeli forces on military positions in Syria is not the first such attacks.
Israel has long taken to itself the right to attack Syrian military positions. These attacks have intensified in recent years and are part of Israel’s dual aims with regard to Syria. The first aim is to expedite the overthrow of Syria’s President Bashar al Assad. The Israeli attacks generally benefit the various terrorist groups fighting the Syrian army and its Russian, Iranian and Hezbollah allies.
Israeli support for the terrorist groups further extends to the use of Israeli military hospitals in the Golan Heights treating winded terrorists.
The second important factor is that the Iranians, like the Russians and Hezbollah, are in Syria of the legitimate sovereign Syrian government, recognised as such and by the United Nations and other international bodies. The almost invariable use of the pejorative nomenclature of “Syrian regime” is a non-subtle attempt to propagandize the view of the US government and its lackeys that the Syrian government is in some way legitimate.
The third omission in the news reports is that the area being shelled by the Syrians and/or Iranians is the Golan Heights. This is a significant (700 mi.²) piece of land, the western two thirds of which has been occupied by Israel since the six day war in 1967.
It is a fundamental principle of international law that territory conquered in a war cannot be retained by the conquering power, in this case Israel. This principle is restated in Security Council resolution 242 (1967) which in the preamble emphasized “the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war,” and further emphasized the requirement of all member states “to act in accordance with article 2 of the charter” ( prohibiting force in the resolution of disputes).
The resolution went on to require (clause 1 (i) the “withdrawal of Israel Armed Forces from territories occupied in the recent (6 Day War) conflict.” Israel simply ignored this resolution is it ignores all obligations under international law that do not record with its geopolitical goals.
On 14 December 1981 Israel went further and purported to annex the territory it had illegally occupied since 1967. Three days later on 17 December 1981 the United Nations Security Council unanimously (with no abstentions) in resolution 497 declared that Israel’s Golan Heights Law, which gave effect to the annexation, was “null and void and without International legal effect”, and called on Israel to rescind its action.
Again, that was ignored by Israel, as was a later General Assembly resolution on 29 January 2007 which expressed the General Assembly’s deep concern that Israel had it not withdrawn from the Syrian Golan, contrary to relevant Security Council and General Assembly resolutions, and stressed at the illegality of Israel’s settlement constructions and other activities in the occupied Syrian Golan since 1967.
The resolution went on to state that the occupation and de facto annexation constituted a “stumbling block in the way of achieving a just, comprehensive and lasting peace in the region.” It demanded once more that Israel withdraw to the pre-June 1967 lines.
In a familiar pattern voting was 107 in favour, 6 against and 60 abstentions.
Apart from ignoring Israel’s continuing disregard of UN resolutions condemning its occupation and annexation of Syrian Golan, the media also fail to examine why Israel should continue its defiance of the overwhelming wishes of the international community.
There are two major factors in operation here. The first is that the geographical expansion of Israel’s territory has been a central plank of Israeli policy since at least the publication of the Yinon Plan in February 1982, which set out the blueprint for a “greater Israel.” The Plan envisaged the incorporation into Israel wholly or significant parts of Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Syria and Saudi Arabia.
There is no possible legal basis upon which such a plan could be an advanced, but as noted, concentrations of international law are rarely factored into Israel’s geopolitical considerations.
The second factor in operation here is that the Syrian Golan is, according to a November 2015 article in the UK journal ‘the Economist’ (www.economist.com7 November 2015) the site of three test drillings contacted by a subsidiary of the US company Genie Energy. These drillings indicated oil reserves “with a potential of billions of barrels.” Again according to the Economist, the Israeli government is being urged by lobby groups to take advantage of the chaos in Syria to demand international recognition of Israel’s annexation.
One clue as to why Genie Energy should receive so little media coverage of its activities, including the potential theft of Syrian resources, can be found in the composition of the board of directors. That board includes Jacob Rothschild of the UK banking dynasty, Dick Cheney, former US vice president under GW Bush, James Wolsey, a former head of the CIA, and Rupert Murdoch. The latter’s media empire ensures that coverage of Israel is rarely critical. Murdoch, whose 1700 worldwide newspapers unanimously editorialized in favour of the 2003 Iraqi invasion, also ensures that the public is not given vital relevant information.
That was never more clear than in the current (non) coverage of the sustained illegal interventions in the Syrian war by the United States, United Kingdom, France, Saudi Arabia and Australia. Also completely missing from the media commentary is a discussion of what Robert Kennedy Jr aptly called “another pipeline war” (www.ecowatch.com25 February 2016).
The Syrian war is a highly relevant component of the wider geopolitical issues affecting the region. These include, but is not limited to, the US plan to use Qatari gas via a pipeline to Europe with the overall objective of reducing or eliminating European reliance upon Russian gas. This pipeline necessarily transits Iraq and Syria. The hybrid war waged on Iran since 1979, and most recently including the unilateral withdrawal of United States from the joint comprehensive plan of action, is also part of this wider geopolitical framework.
Iran and Syria are also key elements in China’s belt and road initiative, a transformative infrastructure program that the US and some of its key allies are seeking to undermine.
The Australian government is very fond of proclaiming its belief in and support for the “International rules based order.” The disjunction between the rhetoric and the reality is it again something that is ignored by the mainstream media. By its continuing failure to fully and accurately inform its readership of Middle Eastern realities, the risk of a wider war is measurably increased.
*Barrister at law and geopolitical analyst. He may be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org